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Diogo Capelo and Jorge Páramos (2015)

Cosmological implications of Bumblebee vector models

The bumblebee model of spontaneous Lorentz symmetry breaking is explored in a cosmological context, considering a single nonzero time component for the vector field. The relevant dynamic equations for the evolution of the Universe are derived and their properties and physical significance are studied. We conclude that a late-time de Sitter expansion of the Universe can be replicated, and attempt to constrain the parameter of the potential driving the spontaneous symmetry breaking.